Cold-Water Coral Research Team

About the Team

About the Team

The Cold Water Coral Research Team has started its activity in 2004 with a simple but efficient idea. Filipe Porteiro and a few colleagues launched a small-scale programme near local fishermen to collect coral specimens brought to the surface by the bottom-tending fishing gears used in the Azores (i.e., hand-lines, long-lines and cages). These samples, along with the historical data from the campaigns promoted by Prince Albert I of Monaco yielded important updates to the checklist of deep-water corals in the Azores, which currently includes 164 species (Braga Henriques et al., 2013). Recent national and international projects have contributed to the expansion of the team which now includes nine researchers with different expertises (taxonomy, ecology, fisheries, modelling, habitat mapping, surveying technology, management and conservation).
The main goal of the Cold-Water Coral Research Team is to advance the scientific knowledge on these animals, while providing an integrated analysis of the impacts of fisheries on cold-water coral ecosystems. An additional objective is to devise policies that can ensure conservation whilst ensuring the social and economic benefits of sustainable fisheries. IMAR-DOP has set up an aquaria-based laboratory dedicated to the husbandry and experimentation with cold-water corals. These facilities have been in use since 2009 for studies on the biology and physiology of cold-water corals and associated fauna.

Researchers

  • rssRicardo Serrão Santos
    Position: Principal Investigator and Director of DOP, Pro-Rector of the University of the Azores
    Education:
    Ph.D.: Faculty of Sciences, University of Liverpool, UK (1992)
    M.Sc.: University of the Azores, Portugal (1984)
    Licenciatura (B.Sc. with Honors): Instituto de Psicologia Aplicada, Lisboa, Portugal (1979)
    Research Interests:
    Ricardo Serrão Santos research interests are marine conservation of habitats and biodiversity of deep-sea ecosystems, implementation of MPAs and experimental studies with deep-sea organisms. He is a member of several international Steering Committees among which the MarBEF and two Census of Marine Life programmes. RSS is member of the Scientific Council for Marine Sciences and Environment, Portuguese Delegate at the Committee of Research Infrastructures at the EC-DG Research. RSS is also member of ICES WGMHM, co-chair of the WG Monitoring and Observatories of InterRidge and co-chair of the WG on Deep Sea Research. He is member of the Intersectorial Oceanographic Commission. In 2002 he was awarded a Gift to the Earth by WWF for his involvement in the designation of Lucky Strike and Menez Gwen as MPAs.
  • filipeFilipe Mora Porteiro
    Position: Higher Technician at the DOP/University of the Azores
    Education:
    Ph.D.: Faculty of Sciences, University of Liverpool, UK (2005)
    Licenciatura (B.Sc. with Honors): Biology, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal (1989)
    Research interests:
    My main interests are biodiversity, biogeography and conservation of deep-sea ecosystems in the Azorean sector of the Mid-Atlantic-Ridge. Throughout my career I have accumulated expertise on cephalopods, fishes and more recently cold-water corals. My major motivation is the strengthening of a new research area of interest on the benthic assemblages inhabiting the islands slopes and seamounts in the Azores. The availability of a unique equipment to explore the deep-sea, such as the Portuguese ROV Luso, the IMAR/DOP ROV Sp. and the submersible Lula (from Fundação Rebikoff-Niggeler), greatly facilitate the achievement of this aim. Deep-sea environments in this region hold rich benthic biotopes structured around cold-water corals. These areas of conservation importance often overlap with fishing grounds for demersal fleets, requiring sustainable management resolutions based on reliable scientific knowledge. Moreover it is important to create awareness about cold-water corals communities in the Azores and contributing to national and international efforts to protect them.

Post-Doctoral Fellows

  • marinaMarina Carreiro-Silva
    Position: Post-Doctoral Research Fellow
    Education:
    Ph.D.: “Marine, Estuarine and Environmental Sciences” Program, Center for Environmental Science, University of Maryland, USA (2007)
    M.Sc.: “Marine Environmental Protection” Program, School of Ocean Sciences, University of North Wales, UK (1999)
    Licenciatura (B.Sc. with Honors): Biology, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal (1996)
    Research Interests:
    Marina’s main research interests are coral reef ecology, in particular, natural and anthropogenic disturbances to coral reefs. Her current research interests focus on the study of the factors controlling carbonate production (bioaccretion) and destruction (bioerosion) of cold-water coral reefs, and how environmental changes will affect the balance between these two processes. Marina has studied tropical coral reef ecology for the past 10 years, she has worked on several research projects on the impact of pollution and overfishing on coral reefs’ carbonate balance in Kenya and Belize. Her experimental work on bioerosion of tropical reefs demonstrates how increased nutrients in coastal waters increases bioerosion of reef framework and contributes to the degradation of coral reef health.
  • telmoTelmo Morato
    Position: Post-Doctoral Research Fellow
    Education:
    Ph.D.: “Resources Management and Environmental Studies” Program, Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada (2007)
    M.Sc.: “Ecology of Aquatic organisms”, Departamento de Zoologia, Faculdade de Ciencias e Tecnologia, University of Coimbra, Portugal (2001)
    Licenciatura (B.Sc. with Honors): Marine Biology and Fisheries, Universidade do Algarve, Portugal (1995)
    Research Interests:
    Telmo’s main research interest is to develop ecosystem-based tools for fisheries management. He has been involved in several research projects focusing on deep-sea and seamounts fisheries management and ecosystem modelling. Telmo has recently demonstrated that global landings of marine fishes have shifted to deeper water species over the last 50 years. He has identified the deep-sea as the new candidate for conservation during the 21st century. Telmo’s scientific output is mainly dedicated to fisheries management, ecosystem modeling and aspects of the Azores ecosystems. It comprises over 20 contributions to peer-reviewed journals and many other papers and reports. Telmo has recently edited a book on “Seamounts Ecology, Fisheries and Conservation”.
  • fernando2Fernando Tempera
    Position: Post-Doc Research Fellow
    Education:
    PhD: 2008, University of St. Andrews. Geography and Geosciences. Title of thesis: Benthic Habitats of the Extended Faial Island Shelf and their Relationship to Geologic, Oceanographic and Infralittoral Biologic Features.
    Licenciatura (B.Sc. with Honors): 1997, Biology – Applied to Marine Resources. Universidade de Lisboa. Title of thesis: Study on the spatial variation of the fish assemblages of the Faial-Pico channel (Azores).
    Research Interests:
    FT research has focused on Marine Biotope Classification and Mapping, Statistical Modelling, Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Management of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) and Marine Biodiversity Cataloguing. Since 1997, he participated and/or coordinated marine biology and seafloor surveys in Macaronesian MPAs. He was actively involved in the preparation and public presentation of the scientific management proposals for Azorean marine Special Areas of Conservation (Natura 2000 network) and implementation of OSPAR Convention Annex V in the Azores.
    In the course of his studies and research activity FT has built a generalist perspective of the biodiversity of the Azores from intertidal to deep sea areas and developed an expertise in seafloor mapping. His main professional motivation has been the exploration of poorly-known biotopes of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and their conservation.
    FT has authored or co-authored 26 scientific papers, 5 book chapters, 38 technical-scientific reports, 33 scientific posters and 32 dissemination articles. FT participated in 32 marine research missions, 47 scientific meetings and 81 workshops, authoring or co-authoring 44 oral communications, 62 internal seminars and 12 dissemination seminars. FT is a regular Portuguese delegate to the ICES Working Group on Marine Habitat Mapping and is currently involved in several projects with a Marine Habitat Mapping component (CoralFish, MeshAtlantic, MORPH, DeepFun). FT is presently a post-doc researcher at the Department of Oceanography and Fisheries/University of the Azores focusing on marine habitat mapping on shelf and deep-sea environments including seamounts.
  • pedroPedro Ribeiro
    Position:
    Post-Doc Research Fellow
    Education:
    PhD: University of Southampton, UK
    Licenciatura (B.Sc. with Honors): University of Porto, Portugal

    Research Interests:
    Molecular Systematics, Phylogeography and Population Genetics of Deep-Sea Corals.
  • carlosCarlos Moura
    Position: Post-Doc Research Fellow
    Education:
    PhD: Universidade de Aveiro (Portugal)
    MSc: Biodiversity and Genetic Resources, University of Porto (Portugal)
    Licenciatura (B.Sc. with Honors): Biology, Universidade de Aveiro (Portugal)
    Research Interests:
    Systematics, Phylogeography, Evolution, Cnidaria, Hydrozoa, Taxonomy, Genetics

Graduate Students

  • valentinaValentina Matos
    Position: PhD student
    Education:
    MSc: Universidade dos Açores (Portugal)
    Licenciatura: Universidade dos Açores (Portugal)

    Research Interests:
    Black corals (Antipatharia), biodiversity, systematics, ecology, molecular biology.

  • becasJoão Monteiro
    Position: Ph.D. student, Living Oceans Foundation/IMAR-DOP Fellow Researcher
    Education:
    MSc:
    Licenciatura: University of the Azores (Portugal)
    Research Interests:
    João is finishing his Ph.D. thesis under the supervision of Ricardo Serrão Santos (DOP, University of the Azores) and Todd C. LaJeunesse (Penn State University, USA). The aims of his thesis are the ecological assessment of the status, composition and species abundance of major coral communities in Cabo Verde and study of genetic relations between Cabo verde coral reefs and those of the Caribbean and Brazilian regions, using molecular techniques and phylogenetic/biogeographic studies of dinoflagellate symbionts assemblages. He is also involved in a project on the characterization of microscale environmental variables controlling antipatharian occurrence in the Azores.
  • zenunoJosé Nuno Gomes Pereira
    Position: Ph.D. student
    Education:
    MSc: Marine Biology, University of the Algarve (Portugal)
    Licenciatura (B.Sc. with Honors): Marine Biology and Fisheries, University of the Algarve (Portugal)
    Research Interests:
    José Nuno is doing a Ph.D at DOP-UAç titled “"Benthic megafauna from central northeast Atlantic: shedding light on remote habitats"” under the supervision of Ricardo Serrão Santos (DOP, University of the Azores), Fernando Tempera (DOP, University of the Azores) and Patrick Halpin (Duke University, USA).

Collaborators

Internal collaborators

  • Ana Colaço - Trophic ecology
  • Telmo Morato - Deep-sea and seamounts fisheries management and ecosystem modelling
  • Ana Martins - Oceanography
  • Gui Menezes - Deep-sea fisheries
  • Raul Bettencourt - Immunology
  • Renato Bettencourt - ROV pilot
  • Ricardo Medeiros - GIS technician
  • Emmanuel Arand - Web&graphic-designer
  • Raquel Pereira - Sponge taxonomy
  • RV Arquipélago and RL Águas Vivas crews

External collaborators

  • Oscar Ocaña Vicente - Fundación Museo del Mar (Ceuta, Spain) - Coral taxonomy
  • Alex Rogers - Institute of Zoology, IOZ (London, UK) - Molecular Genetics
  • Rob van Soest - Amsterdam Zoological Museum (The Netherlands) – Sponge taxonomy
  • Joana Xavier - CIBIO, Departamento de Biologia, Universidade dos Açores – Sponge taxonomy
  • Neil Mitchell - University of Manchester, UK - Seamount geomorphology
  • Ana Rita Hipólito – CVARG/University of the Azores (Portugal) - Geology
  • Rebikoff-Niggeler Foundation (Faial, Azores, Portugal)

What are Cold-Water-Corals

What are cold-water corals?

coraisCold-water corals, also referred to as deep-sea corals, are present in colder, deeper ocean waters than tropical corals. Unlike their shallow-water counterparts, these corals do not depend on sunlight to obtain energy. While tropical corals rely on zooxanthelae algae in their tissues for food, cold water corals feed on zooplankton and other organic material suspended in the surrounding waters.

Cold water coral reefs are commonly found where current flow is accelerated, often around topographic highs such as seamounts, mounds, ridges and pinnacles as well as a long continental margins and canyons. They are found at depths ranging from around 40 to more than 1,000 metres, and live at temperatures between 4 and 13°C.

Some reef-forming species (mainly Lophelia pertusa and Madrepora oculata) can create structures of considerable size that rival those of tropical coral reefs. Other species (e.g., gorgonians and antipatharians) may form dense stands that occupy large extensions of rocky bottoms and form conspicuous benthic facies.

Cold-water coral colonies are slow-growing (e.g. linear growth rates 1.0 -2.5 cm/yr for Lophelia pertusa; and 1.5 cm/yr Antipathes dendrochristos) and can live for hundreds to thousands of years, making them potentially useful as archives of climate change. For example, gold corals (Gerardia sp.) and black corals (Leiopathes glaberrima can live between two and four millennia, respectively.

Most cold-water coral reefs and gardens have been found and studied in the North Atlantic, and the Northeast and Southwest Pacific Ocean, but lack of funding and expertise has left large uncharted areas in the oceans that potentially host reefs of equal importance.

Ecological Importance

What is the ecological importance of cold-water corals?

emepcuacCold-water corals are bio-builders, as they create structured habitats that are suitable for a high diversity of organisms that would otherwise be absent or would exist in much lower abundances.
For example, scientists in Norway found more than 850 species living at or in the vicinity of Lophelia reefs.

Such figures highlight the role of cold-water coral-dominated habitats as biodiversity hotspots that provide habitat, feeding, spawning and nursery grounds for a range of organisms, including commercial fish species, such as orange roughy, blue ling and grenadiers.

Because many cold-water corals themselves are long-lived, slow-growing, and fragile, the habitats formed by these species are particularly vulnerable to impacts from human activities such as bottom fisheries, hydrocarbon drilling and seabed mining.

Cold-Water-Corals on the Azores

Cold-Water Coral Communities in the Azores

2DSC00026MGThe island slopes and seamounts in the Azores comprehend extensive rocky bottoms of volcanic origin that are exposed to strong oceanic currents. Those habitats are suitable for the settlement of sessile suspension-feeding fauna such as deep-sea hard corals, sea fans and sponges.
Contrasting with the considerable effort put on the study of cold-water coral communities on and off North Atlantic shelf margins, their distribution on the Mid-Atlantic ridge is still poorly known. A high number of coral species have been recorded in the Azores over the last 4 years (81 species) providing a strong indication of the diversity displayed by those communities (Braga-Henriques et al., 2008b). These occurrences seem to concentrate on the steep volcanic island slopes and offshore seamounts (e.g. Açores, Condor, Sedlo, Cavala) but no fine-scale predictive maps exist yet for their distribution. The most common gorgonians include large Callogorgia verticillata, Dentomuricea spp., Acanthogorgia hirsuta, Acanthogorgia armata and Viminella flagellum. These species form aggregations of considerable density.
Other conspicuous gorgonian species such as Paragorgia johnsoni are also important elements. In shallow water, the antipatharian fauna is dominated by Antipathella wollastoni which typically occurs beyond 20m and may form dense stands. In bathyal areas, the black coral Leiopathes glaberrima is common between 200 and 600 m and can grow to 2 m height.

A large and dense gorgonian forest dominated by Dentomuricea sp. and Viminella flagellum was recently discovered at the Condor seamount (Braga-Henriques et al., 2006; Tempera et al., 2009). These aggregations were patchily distributed over the seamount summit and showed variations associated to changes in substrate composition. The community included other less abundant Primnoidae gorgonians, sponges, hydrocorals, crustaceans, sea urchins and fishes. Additionally, reef-building corals associated with gorgonians were recorded at the Menez Gwen hydrothermal field.

How many coral species are there in the Azores?

A checklist is presently being compiled of the species reported in the Azores region (defined as a rectangle comprising the Azores EEZ) along with metadata on the stations that produced the material. The study focuses on the corals ecologically classified as bio-builders, namely the orders Stolonifera, Gorgonacea, Alcyonacea, Antipatharia and Scleractinia (Hexacorallia). Data on coral species occurrence is based on historical records, museum collections, occurrence records from scientific missions and by-catch data from the local long-line fishery (Jourdan, 1895; Studer, 1901; Roule, 1905; Gravier, 1920; Gravier, 1921; Gravier, 1922; Thomson, 1927, Zibrowius, 1980), Zibrowius, 1980; Braga-Henriques et al., 2008a; Ocaña et al. 2007; Matos et al, 2008; Sampaio et al., 2009).

A programme is ongoing near the fishermen community to collect the corals that are brought to the surface by the bottom-tending gears used in the Azores such hand-lines, bottom long-lines and cages. Material gathered in scientific cruises is also being catalogued and preserved. Ongoing national and international research projects will further increase the number of species reported for the Azores and will advance our knowledge on cold-water coral biology and ecology.

Threats to Corals

Threats to corals

The vulnerability and conservation of cold-water coral habitats are global concerns (ICES, 2002, 2003, 2004). Threats to these habitats include direct impacts of human activities related to the exploitation of deep-sea resources and seabed uses (e.g. fisheries, hydrocarbon extraction, mining) as well as pollution (e.g. contamination from land-based sources/activities, waste disposal, impacts of shipping). Indirect impacts are associated to climate change and ocean acidification as a result of fossil fuel emissions.

Despite bottom trawling being forbidden in the Azores (Council Regulation (EC) N°1568/2005 of 20 September 2005), corals are present in the by-catch from the bottom long-line fishery (Sampaio et al., 2008, 2009). A recent study on the vulnerability of deep-sea corals to long-line fishing in the Azores found that gorgonians are the dominant group in the by-catch (21 taxa). Stony corals were also abundant (10 taxa) as well as hydrocorals (4 taxa) and black corals (2 taxa). The most common species were Errina dabneyi, Leiopathes spp., Dendrophyllia sp., Caryophyllia cyathus and Callogorgia verticillata. The scleractinia Lophelia pertusa was not present in the coral by-catch, probably because the species vertical range and the fishery operation depth range hardly overlap (Sampaio et al., 2008).

In addition, fishing surveys carried out by IMAR/DOP-UAç with gear identical to that used by commercial fishermen (ARQDAÇO-27-P07, DEECON-28-V07, ARQDAÇO-29-P08 and DEECON-30-V08) reported corals, hydrozoans, sponges and bryozoans as part of the bulk material. During these surveys, 166 specimens of deep-water corals from 40 taxa were caught. Octocorals were the most representative group with 21 species, being the Plexauridae and the Primnoidae the most common families with 6 and 3 species respectively. These soft corals were followed by the stony corals Scleractinia represented by 9 species, black corals (Antipatharia) with 5 species and hydrocorals (Filifera), represented by 3 species (Sampaio et al., 2009).

Increased ocean acidification and temperature is likely to reduce the calcification of corals with serious consequences to the whole ecosystem (Guinotte et al., 2006). Model calculations in the same paper show that many cold-water corals live close to the aragonite saturation horizon (the depth below which aragonite dissolves) and will experience under-saturated waters (aragonite saturation state < 1) as early as 2020, which may significantly reduce coral calcification rates. Experimental studies on coral calcification under different acidity and temperature conditions, at IMAR-DOP coral aquarium facilities (CoralLab), will help predict how corals will respond to future environmental changes (Carreiro-Silva et al., 2008)

Management and Conservation

Management and conservation of coral habitats in the Azores

Several important international and regional initiatives to protect and sustainably manage coral habitats have emerged in recent years (e.g., OSPAR Convention, UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, the Convention on Biological Diversity, the European Integrated Maritime Policy and the Marine Strategy Directive). Scientists, policy-makers and managers are currently working together to develop, implement and enforce these agreements.

Tens of occurrences of the coral habitats have so far been listed in the Azores inventory of occurrences of OSPAR habitats under threat and/or decline based on historical and recent surveys. The numbers are currently of 29 "Lophelia reefs" occurrences and 2 “coral garden” occurrences. These numbers are expected to increase as new deep-sea surveys are conducted and imagery archives of deep-sea areas are revisited. New surveys should also confirm whether scleractinians form reefs in the Azores as in other areas of the north-eastern Atlantic.

General regulations

Prohibition of bottom trawling and deep-sea netting around the Azores through Council Regulation (EC) no. 1568/2005 of 20th September 2005.

Antipatharians, scleractinians and stylasterids are included in Annex II of the CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species). Their trade in Portugal is regulated by the transposition of this convention to Portuguese law (DL no. 211/2009, 3rd September 2009).

Formigas Bank

This is an important seamount located on the eastern part of the Azores archipelago that is known to hold hidrarian gardens and sponge aggregations. These habitats shelter a variety of nekto-benthic fishes. The summit is designated as an SAC (Natura 2000) since 2001 and the whole seamount is a Nature Reserve since 1988 and an OSPAR MPA since 2006. For management purposes, the reserve has been attached to the Natural Park established in 2008 on the neighbouring Santa Maria Island (DLR 47/2008/A of 7 th November 2008). No bottom-tending fisheries are allowed on this seamount.

Island of Corvo

A protected area was designated around the island of Corvo (DLR 44/2008/A of 5 th November 2008) that encompasses the whole island shelf and slopes down to depths in excess of 1000m. gardens occur in the area. It is possible that management measures regarding bottom tending gear will be established when the fine regulation of the area, including a zoning scheme, is established.

Faial-Pico Passage

Protected areas were designated in the Faial-Pico Passage by DLR 20/2008/A of 9 th July and DLR 46/2008/A of 7 th November 2008 that extend to depths in excess of 700m. Coral gardens are recorded in both the passage and the southern deeper areas of these MPAs. It is possible that management measures regarding boat size and bottom tending gear will be established when the fine regulations of the MPAs, including a zoning scheme, are established.

Temporary closure of Condor seamount

Temporary protection is presently being implemented on the Condor seamount, located to southwest of Faial island (Morato et al., in press), which is known to support rich assemblages of deep-sea corals, abundant sponges, sea urchins, crabs and commercial fishes. A deep-sea scientific observatory is currently being installed in this location that will provide unique interdisciplinary monitoring and experimental opportunities to study oceanographic and biological patterns. The closure of the seamount to bottom fisheries activities will also allow the assessment of fisheries impacts and further analysis on the recovery of fished seamount populations from decades of local artisanal bottom fishing. This knowledge is instrumental to enhance the quality of advice regarding seamount management and promote general public awareness on marine conservation and sustainable development.

Other seamounts and seamount-like features

There are ongoing efforts to confer statutory protection to the OSPAR MPAs of Sedlo seamount and the Menez Gwen and Lucky Strike hydrothermal fields, which are surrounded by seamount-like structures also to be protected. Sedlo seamount is known to hold coral assemblages (Santos et al., 2009). Abundant scleractinian corals occur on the Menez Gwen hydrothermal field in association with a diverse assemblage of gorgonians and sponges (Santos et al., 2003).It is likely that limitations on the use of bottom-tending gear will be established when the designation and regulation of these MPAs occur.

References

References

Papers from the team

  • Braga-Henriques A, Carreiro-Silva M, Porteiro FM, de Matos V, Sampaio Í, Ocaña O, Ávila S (2011). The association between a deep-sea gastropod Pedicularia sicula (Caenogastropoda: Pediculariidae) and its coral host Errina dabneyi (Hydrozoa: Stylasteridae) in the Azores. ICES Journal of Marine Science 68(2): 399-407.
  • Braga-Henriques A, Carreiro-Silva M, Tempera F, Porteiro FM, Jakobsen K, Jakobsen J, Albuquerque M & Santos RS (2012). Carrying behaviour in the deep-sea crab Paromola cuvieri (Northeast Atlantic). Marine Biodiversity, 42 (1): 37-46. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12526-011-0090-3.
  • Braga-Henriques A, Porteiro FM, Ribeiro PA, de Matos V, Sampaio Í, Ocaña O, Santos RS (2013). Diversity, distribution and spatial structure of the cold-water coral fauna of the Azores (NE Atlantic). Biogeosciences, 10: 4009–4036.
  • Carreiro-Silva M, Andrews AH, Braga-Henriques A, Porteiro FM, Matos V, Santos RS (2013) Variability in growth rates of long-lived black coral Leiopathes sp. from the Azores (NE Atlantic). Marine Ecology Progress Series 473: 189–199.
  • Carreiro-Silva M, Braga-Henriques A, Sampaio I, Matos V, Porteiro F and Ocaña O (2011) Isozoanthus primnoidus, a new zoanthid species (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia) associated with the gorgonian Callogorgia verticillata (Anthozoa: Octocorallia) in the Azores. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 68(2): 408-415.
  • Gomes-Pereira, J.N, F. Tempera, P.A. Ribeiro & F.M. Porteiro (2012). Notes on fauna associated with an opportunistic artificial reef near cold-water corals. Arquipelago. Life and Marine Sciences 29: 11-18. http://www.horta.uac.pt/intradop/images/stories/arquipelago/29/Gomes-Pereira-etal-2012.pdf.
  • Kalwa, J., M. Carreiro Silva, F. Tempera, A. Pascoal, J. Fontes, T. Glotzbach, J. Alves, L. Brignone, P. Ridao, M. Caccia, A. Birk. (submitted). The MORPH Concept and Its Application in Marine Research. Proceedings of OCEANS´13 MTS/IEEE. 10-13th June 2013, Bergen (Norway).
  • Matos, V., J.N. Pereira, F. Tempera, P. Ribeiro. A. Braga-Henriques & F. Porteiro (submitted). Newly recorded garden of Antipathella subpinnata (Cnidaria, Antipatharia) extends species distribution to the Azores. Deep-Sea Research II.
  • Morato, T., M. Machete, A. Kitchingman, F. Tempera, S. Lai, G. Menezes, R.S. Santos & T.J. Pitcher (2008). Abundance and distribution of seamounts in the Azores. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 357: 17-21. http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps07268.
  • Morato, T., T.J. Pitcher, M.R. Clark, G. Menezes, F. Tempera, F. Porteiro, E. Giacomello & R.S. Santos (2010). Can we protect seamounts for research? A Call for Conservation. Oceanography, 23 (1): 190-199. http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.71
  • Morato, T., K.Ø. Kvile, G.H. Taranto, F. Tempera, B.E. Narayanaswamy, D. Hebbeln, G. Menezes, C. Wienberg, R.S. Santos & T.J. Pitcher (2012). Seamount physiography and biology in North-East Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea. Biogeosciences, 10: 3039-3054. http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-10-3039-2013
  • Ocaña O, Henriques A, Porteiro F, 2007 An occurrence of ring sea anemones (Anthozoa, Actiniaria) in the Azores region. Graellsia, 63(2): 359-362.
  • Pham, C.K., J.N. Gomes-Pereira, E.J. Isidro, R.S. Santos, T. Morato (2013) Abundance of litter in the Condor Seamount. Deep-Sea Research II. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.01.011
  • Raimundo J, Vale C, Caetano M, Anes B, Carreiro-Silva M, Martins I., Matos V., Porteiro FM (in press) Element concentrations in cold-water gorgonians and black corals from Azores region. Deep-Sea Research II DOI:10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.01.012
  • Sampaio, Í., O. Ocaña, F. Tempera, A. Braga-Henriques, V. Matos & F.M. Porteiro (2009). New occurrences of Corallium spp. (Octocorallia, Coralliidae) in the Central Northeast Atlantic. Arquipélago. Life and Marine Sciences 26: 73-78.
  • Sampaio I, Braga-Henriques A, Pham C, Ocaña O, de Matos V, Morato T, Porteiro FM (2012). Cold-water corals landed by bottom longline fishery in the Azores. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 92, 1547-1555.
  • Santos RS, S Christiansen, B Christiansen & S Gubbay (2009). Towards the conservation and management of Sedlo Seamount: A case study. Deep Sea Research Part II. doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.12.031.
  • Santos, R.S., F. Tempera, A. Colaço, F. Cardigos & T. Morato (2010). Spotlight: Dom João de Castro Seamount. Oceanography, 23 (1): 200-201. http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.83.
  • Santos, R.S., F. Tempera, G. Menezes, F. Porteiro & T. Morato (2010). Spotlight: Sedlo Seamount. Oceanography, 23 (1): 202-203. http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2010.84.
  • Santos, R. S., T. Morato & F. J. A. S. Barriga (2012). Increasing Pressure at the Bottom of the Ocean [Chapter 5]: 69-81. A. Mendonça, A. Cunha & R. Chakrabarti (Eds.). Natural Resources, Sustainability and Humanity: A Comprehensive View. Springer: xvi+199pp. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-1321-5_5 [ISBN-10: 9400713207. ISBN-13: 978-9400713208]
  • Taranto, G.H., K.Ø. Kvile, T.J. Pitcher and T. Morato (2012) An ecosystem evaluation framework for global seamount conservation and management. PLoS ONE 7(8): e42950. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042950
  • Tempera, F., E. Giacomello, N.C. Mitchell, A.S. Campos, A. Braga Henriques, I. Bashmachnikov, A. Martins, A. Mendonça, T. Morato, A. Colaço, F.M. Porteiro, D. Catarino, J. Gonçalves, M.R. Pinho, E.J. Isidro, R.S. Santos and G. Menezes (2012). Mapping the Condor seamount seafloor environment and associated biological assemblages (Azores, NE Atlantic). In Harris, P.T., & E.K. Baker (eds.), pp. 807-818. Seafloor Geomorphology as Benthic Habitat: Geohab Atlas of Seafloor Geomorphic Features and Benthic Habitats. Elsevier, London. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-385140-6.00059-1.
  • Tempera, F., J.N. Pereira, A. Braga Henriques, F. Porteiro, T. Morato, V. Matos, M. Souto, B. Guillaumont & R.S. Santos (2012). Cataloguing deep-sea biological facies of the Azores. Revista de Investigación Marina, 19(2): 36-38. www.azti.es/rim/es/component/docman/doc_download/43-rim192.html.

Poster and oral communications

  • Amorim, P., & F. Tempera (2012). Mapeamento de Habitats Marinhos nos Açores - projecto MeshAtlantic. Presented by Patrícia Amorim at Fórum Científico de Apoio à Decisão “Conhecer o Mar dos Açores”, 9-10 July 2012. Horta (Azores, Portugal).
  • Braga-Henriques A, Cardigos F, Menezes G, Ocaña O, Porteiro FM, Tempera F, Gonçalves J (2006). Recent observations of cold-water coral communities on the “Condor de Terra” seamount, Azores. 41 st European Marine Biology Symposium, Cork, Ireland.
  • Braga-Henriques A, Porteiro F, Sampaio I, Matos V, Carreiro-Silva M, Ocaña O, Morato T, Tempera F, Santos RS (2008). Cold-water corals of the Azores: potential use in biotechnology. 1as Jornadas Científicas do Instituto de Biomedicina e Biotecnologia dos Açores (IBBA), Terceira Island, Portugal, 25-26th September 2008.
  • Braga-Henriques A, Porteiro F, Sampaio I, Matos V, Carreiro-Silva M, Ocaña O, Morato T, Tempera F, Santos RS (2008). Cold-water corals of the Azores: preliminary assessment of distribution, diversity and associated fauna. 4th International Deep-Sea Coral Symposium, Wellington, New Zealand, 1st-5th December 2008.
  • Braga-Henriques A, Pereira JN, Porteiro FM, Tempera F, Pham C, Morato T, J & K Jacobson, Santos RS (2011). Cold-water coral communities of the Azores: Condor seamount and southern slope of Faial-Pico Channel. Seminar held on board RV Pourquoi Pas? during the BobEco cruise (IFREMER) to the Bay of Biscay and western coast of Ireland.
  • Braga-Henriques A, Pereira JN, Porteiro FM, Tempera F, Jakobsen J, Pham C, Morato T, Santos RS (2011). Invertebrate megafaunal diversity of upper-bathyal cold-water coral assemblages from two locations in the Azores (NE Atlantic). World Conference on Marine Biodiversity, 26 to 30 of September. Aberdeen (Scotland).
  • Braga-Henriques A, Pereira JN, Tempera F, Porteiro FM, Pham C, Morato T, Santos RS (2011). Cold-water coral communities on Condor Seamount: initial interpretations. Project Condor: final workshop (16-17 Feb 2011), Horta (Azores, Portugal).
  • Braga-Henriques A, Porteiro FM, Sampaio I, de Matos V, Morato T, Ocaña O, Santos RS (2011). Cold-water corals of the Azores: preliminary assessment of the spatial distribution and diversity. CoralFISH Science Meeting October 31st - November 4th 2011, Crete (Greece).
  • Braga-Henriques A. 2012. Gorgonians - A brief look at the diversity and diagnostic morphological characters of families Primnoidae, Acanthogorgiidae and Plexauridae in the Northeast Atlantic. Workshop ‘Identification of deep-sea corals from imagery data’ of the 5th International Symposium on Deep-Sea Corals (ISDSC 2012), 1-6 April 2012, Amsterdam.
  • Braga-Henriques A, Porteiro FM, Ribeiro PA, de Matos V, Sampaio I, Ocana O, Santos RS. Cold-water corals of the Azores: spatial distribution and diversity. Conference ‘Ecosystem based management and monitoring in the deep Mediterraneo & North Atlantic. Final CoralFISH Science Meeting, August 28-31 2012, Galway (Ireland).
  • Carreiro-Silva M, Braga-Henriques A, Bettencourt R, Santos R (2008). Experimental Studies on the Response of Cold-Water Corals to Anthropogenic Stressors. 1 as Jornadas Científicas do Instituto de Biotecnologia e Biomedicina dos Açores (IBBA), Terceira Island, Portugal, 25-26 th September 2008.
  • Carreiro-Silva M., Braga-Henriques A., Andrews A., Matos V., Porteiro F. M., Colaço A., Santos R.S. (2011). Radiocarbon-based ages and growth rates of the black coral Leiopathes spp. in the Azores. Condor final workshop, 16-17 February 2011, Horta, Portugal.
  • Carreiro-Silva M, Ocaña A, Braga-Henriques A, de Matos V, Sampaio I, Porteiro F, Stefanni S. New insights on deep-water zoanthids associated with corals in the Azores (NE Atlantic). 5th International Symposium on Deep-Sea Corals (ISDSC 2012), 1-6 April 2012, Amsterdam.
  • Colaço, A. E. Giacomello, P. Lombardi, A. Martins, F. Porteiro, M. Silva, F. Tempera & G. Menezes (2011). Trophodynamic studies of the CONDOR seamount (Azores, Portugal, North Atlantic). Presented at Project HERMIONE – 2nd Annual Science Meeting, Málaga, (Spain).
  • Davies, J., B. Guillaumont, I. van den Beld, F. Tempera, A. Vertino, S.H. Ólafsdóttir , C. Smith, J.H. Fosså, A. Savini, A. Rengstorf, C. Bayle, J.-F. Bourillet, S. Arnaud-Haond, L. Menot & A. Grehan (2013). A cold-water coral biota classification scheme for ecosystem based management of the deep sea. GeoHab 2013. Rome (Italy). http://www.geohab2013.it/images/abstract_volume.pdf
  • de Matos V, Ocaña O, Rogers A, Henriques A, Sampaio I, Porteiro P (2008). Revision of the occurrence and distribution of Leiopathes sp. (Anthozoa: Antipatharia) from the NE Atlantic. 4th International Deep-Sea Coral Symposium, Wellington, New Zealand, 1st-5th December 2008.
  • de Matos V., J.N. Pereira, A. Braga-Henriques, F. Tempera & F. Porteiro (2011). Twilight coral gardens: First record of Antipathella subpinnata in the Azores Presented at 3rd CoralFish Science Meeting, Crete (Greece).
  • de Matos V, Pereira JN, Tempera F, Braga-Henriques A, Porteiro FM (2012). Twilight coral gardens: first record of Antipathella subpinnata in the Azores. 5th International Symposium on Deep-Sea Corals (ISDSC 2012), 1-6 April 2012, Amsterdam.
  • Giacomello E., Menezes G. & Consórcio Condor. O observatório científico Condor: um monte submarino protegido para investigação. Presented at II Jornadas da Ciência e Tecnologia Aquáticas, 2 March 2012, Porto, Portugal.
  • Giacomello E., Menezes G. & Consórcio Condor. O observatório científico Condor: uma abordagem multidisciplinar. Presented at Universidade Sénior, Horta, 22 March 2012.
  • Giacomello E., Menezes G. & Consórcio Condor. O monte submarino Condor : 3 anos de investigação. Presented at Fórum Científico de Apoio à Decisão “Conhecer o Mar dos Açores”, 9-10 July 2012, Horta, Azores, Portugal.
  • Grehan, A., L. de Chambure, A. Savini, J.-F. Bourillet, A. Rengstorff, T. Kutti, J.H. Fossa, S. Olafsdottir & F. Tempera (2013). Developing tools and methodologies to promote ecosystem based management of deep-sea resources - some key outputs from the EU FP7 'CoralFISH' project. GeoHab 2013. Rome (Italy). http://www.geohab2013.it/images/abstract_volume.pdf
  • Morato T. 2011. Seamounts are hotspots of pelagic biodiversity in the open ocean and areas of special interest for management of marine pelagic predators… in the high seas. Marine Protected Areas on the high seas, Zoological Society of London, UK, 3 and 4 February 2011.
  • Morato, T. 2011. Fishing down the deep: a second look. Management of deep-sea fisheries on the high seas and their impacts on deep-sea ecosystems, Gulbenkian Museum, Lisbon, Portugal, 3-6th May 2011.
  • Morato, T., F. Tempera, K.O Kvile, G.H. Taranto & R.S. Santos (2011). Seamounts physiography and biology in the European Atlantic and Western Mediterranean. Presented by Telmo Morato at the “Project HERMIONE: 2nd Science Meeting”, Estepona (Spain).
  • Morato, T., M. Machete, F. Tempera, G. Menezes, R.S. Santos (2011). Azores seamounts offer potential for pelagic biodiversity conservation. Presented by Telmo Morato at Fórum Científico de Apoio à Decisão “Conhecer o Mar dos Açores”, 19th-20th January 2011, Horta (Azores, Portugal).
  • Morato, T., T. Bento, V. Matos, J.N. Pereira, C. Pham, F. Porteiro, I. Sampaio, R.S. Santos & F. Tempera. (2011). Impact of fishing on CWC in the Azores. Presented by Telmo Morato at: Project Condor: final workshop (16-17 Feb 2011). Horta (Azores, Portugal); Project Condor: seamount stakeholder workshop (29th March 2011). Horta (Azores, Portugal).
  • Morato, T., G. Taranto, K.Ø. Kville, R.S. Santos, T.J. Pitcher (2012) An ecosystem evaluation framework for global seamount conservation and management. CBD SBSTTA 16, side event on Global progress on Aichi biodiversity target 11 in marina and coastal environments, organized by UNEP-WCMC. Montreal, Canada, May 3rd 2012.
  • Morato, T., G. Taranto, K.Ø. Kville, R.S. Santos, T.J. Pitcher (2012) An ecosystem evaluation framework for global seamount conservation and management. 6th World Fisheries Congress 2012, Edinburgh 7th - 11th of May 2012
  • Morato, T., G. Taranto, K.Ø. Kville, T.J. Pitcher, S. Hoyle, V. Allain, S. Nicol 2012. An ecosystem evaluation framework for global seamount conservation and management. Spatial management of pelagic ecosystems: Visions for the future. Sete, France 26th-30th March 2012.
  • Morato, T., F. Tempera, K.Ø. Kvile, G.H. Taranto, R.S. Santos & T. Pitcher (2012). Setting Global Priorities for Seamounts: Coupling Deep-Sea with Pelagic Conservation. Presented by Telmo Morato at HERMIONE Final Annual Meeting. Carvoeiro (Portugal).
  • Morato, T., F. Tempera, K.Ø. Kvile, G.H. Taranto & R.S. Santos (2012). Seamounts Physiography and Biology in European Atlantic and Mediterranean. Presented by Telmo Morato at HERMIONE Final Annual Meeting. Carvoeiro (Portugal).
  • Pereira J.N., Tempera F., Schone H., Henriques A., Medeiros R., Porteiro F., Morato T., Menezes G., Santos R. (2011). ROV and Tow-cam imagery at Condor Seamount: “overview”. Condor final workshop, 16-17 February 2011, Horta, Portugal.
  • Pereira, J.N. & F. Tempera (2011). Practicalities of Implementing Video Annotation. Presented by J.N. Pereira at MeshAtlantic Video Survey Techniques Workshop, Faro (Portugal).
  • Pham C.K, Morato, T., Bento T., Braga-Henriques, A., Matos V., Pereira J.N., Porteiro F., Sampaio I, Santos R.S., F. Tempera (2011). Impact of fishing on deep-water corals and sponges in the Azores. Project HERMIONE - Annual Science Meeting, 11-15 April 2011, Malaga, Spain.
  • Pham, C.K., T. Morato, T. Bento, A.B. Henriques, V. Matos, J.N. Pereira, F. Porteiro, Í.Sampaio, R.S. Santos & F. Tempera (2011). Evaluating the impact of bottom longline on cold-water corals and sponges in the Azores. 3rd CoralFISH Science Meeting 31st October – 4th November 2011, Crete.
  • Pham C.K., T., Morato; T. Bento; A. Braga-Henriques; V. Matos; J.N. Pereira; F. Porteiro; I. Sampaio; R.S. Santos; F. Tempera. 2012. The impact of bottom longline on deep-sea corals. 5th international symposium on deep-sea corals, Amsterdam.
  • Pham C.K., T., Morato; T. Bento; A. Braga-Henriques; V. Matos; J.N. Pereira; F. Porteiro; I. Sampaio; R.S. Santos; F. Tempera. 2012. The impact of bottom longline on deep-sea corals. 6th World Fisheries Congress, 7-11 May, Edinburgh, Scotland.
  • Pham, C.K., T. Morato, T. Bento, A. Braga-Henriques, V. Matos, J.N. Pereira, F. Porteiro, Í Sampaio, R.S. Santos & F. Tempera (2012). The Impact of Botttom Longline on Cold Water Coral Communities. Presented by Telmo Morato at HERMIONE Final Annual Meeting. Carvoeiro (Portugal).
  • Porteiro, F., J.N. Pereira, Tempera, F., T. Morato, C. Pham, A.B. Henriques, R.S. Santos & G.Menezes (2011). Deep-sea benthic fish from bathyal biotopes in northeast Atlantic shallow seamounts, observed by ROV surveys. Presented by F. Porteiro at the “Project HERMIONE: 2nd Science Meeting”, Estepona (Spain).
  • Porteiro, F.M., T. Morato, F. Tempera, A. Henriques, Í. Sampaio, V. Matos, M. Carreiro-Silva, T. Bento, J.N. Pereira, C. Pham, R. Bettencourt & R.S. Santos (2011). Deep sea Biodiversity: Benthic communities of corals (in Portuguese). Presented by Filipe Porteiro at Fórum Científico de Apoio à Decisão “Conhecer o Mar dos Açores”, 19-20 January 2011. Horta (Azores, Portugal).
  • Porteiro, F.M., Pereira, J. N., Pham, C.K., Tempera T., and T., Morato 2012. Interactions of deep sea benthic fish and cold-water corals from bathyal habitats in the Azores (NE Atlantic). 5th international symposium on deep-sea corals, Amsterdam.
  • Sampaio I, Braga-Henriques A, Porteiro F (2008). Vulnerability of deep-water corals of the Azores to the demersal fisheries. XV Simpósio Ibérico de Estudos de Biologia Marinha, Funchal, Portugal.
  • Sampaio I, Porteiro F, Braga-Henriques A, Catarino D, Matos V, Ocaña O (2009). Azorean deep-water corals communities as perceived from bottom long line fisheries surveys. ICES Symposium - Issues Confronting the Deep Oceans: The Economic, Scientific, and Governance Challenges and Opportunities of Working in the Deep Sea, Faial Island, Azores, Portugal.
  • Sampaio, Í.; Xavier, J.R.; Ocaña, O.; Braga-Henriques, A.; Matos, V.; Porteiro, F (2012) Catalogue and identification guide of deep-sea Alcyonacea Lamouroux, 1812 of the Azores archipelago (NE Atlantic). 5th International Symposium on Deep-Sea Corals. Amesterdam, (The Netherlands).
  • Santos, R.S. & DOP team (2011) The Prince Deep-sea Garden. HERMIONE 2nd Annual Meeting. 11 ¬ 15 April 2011, Estepona, Malaga, Spain.
  • Santos, R.S. (2011). Beyond the Blue. Conferences TED O'Porto. 21 March. Casa da Música. Porto. Portugal
  • Santos, R.S., A. B. Henriques, V. Matos, T. Morato, J. N. Pereira, C. Pham, F. M. Porteiro, I. Sampaio, M. C. Silva, F. Tempera (2011). Surrounded by High-Seas: Cold Water Corals and Line Fisheries in the Azores. In: Workshop "Understanding Deep-Water Biodiversity in the South Atlantic: Options for Conservation and Sustainable Use of Resources in the High-Seas² UNESCO-IOC 7-8 April 2011, Paris.
  • Santos RS. Interactions of deep-sea benthic fish and cold-water corals from bathyal habitats in the Azores (NE Atlantic). 5th International Symposium on Deep-Sea Corals (ISDSC 2012), 1-6 April 2012, Amsterdam.
  • Santos, R. S. (w/ Raul Bettencourt, Marina Carreiro-Silva, Ana Colaço, Sílvia Lino) 2012. The Deep-Sea Frontier: Biotechnology Opportunities and Conservation Challenges. Workshop 1: Mobilisation and Engagement of Funding Agencies and Stakeholders. MarineBiotech. Hotel Real Marina, Olhão, Portugal. 26th – 27th April 2012.
  • Santos, R. S. 2012. Desafios, progressos e oportunidades na investigação do mar profundo dos Açores [Challenges, progress and opportunities for deep-sea research in the Azores]. Seminário - Os Açores, o Atlântico e a Globalização: “Desafios e Estratégias para os Novos Tempos”. Hotel Terra Nostra, Furnas. Portugal. Secretaria Regional do Trabalho e Segurança Social. 9-10 February 2012.
  • Santos, R. S. 2012. Exploração e Protecção do Mar Profundo [Exploration and Protection of the Deep-sea]. Ciclo Rotas de Futuro: Re...Descobrir o Mar. Casino da Figueira. 12 March 2012. [Plenary Invited Lecture with Debate mediated by António José Teixeira – SIC Television).
  • Santos, R. S., T. Morato, F. Tempera & H.M. Silva 2012. Towards mapping the Azores seafloor. Workshop: "Knowledge for a better understanding and use of marine resources: the case of mapping the seafloor". European Parliament. Brussels (Belgium).
  • Tempera F, Braga-Henriques A, Porteiro F, Colaço A, Menezes G (2009). Constraining the geomorphological setting of deep-sea biotopes using high resolution bathymetry at the Condor de Terra seamount. ICES Symposium - Issues Confronting the Deep Oceans: The Economic, Scientific, and Governance Challenges and Opportunities of Working in the Deep Sea, Faial Island, Azores, Portugal. Presented also at Geohab 2009 (Trondheim, Norway).
  • Tempera, F. (2011). Mapeamento de Fundos Marinhos: Ferramenta para a Identificação de Habitats Prioritários. Presented at Fórum Científico de Apoio à Decisão “Conhecer o Mar dos Açores”, Horta (Azores, Portugal).
  • Tempera, F. (2011). Multi-Platform Mapping of Seafloor Habitats in Oceanic Environments. Seminar presented at ‘Breaking the Surface 2011’, Murter (Croatia).
  • Tempera, F. (2011). Some highlights of the progress of benthic habitat mapping activities within the CoralFish project. Seminar presented at the 2011 Meeting of the ICES Working Group on Marine Habitat Mapping, Calvi (Corsica, France).
  • Tempera, F. (2011). The use of geomorphological information for mapping biological distributions. Presented as an internal seminar during the FAIVI EuroFleets cruise onboard RV Atalante. Azores (Portugal).
  • Tempera, F., E. Giacomello, N.C. Mitchell, F.M. Porteiro, T. Morato, G. Menezes, R. Bettencourt, A. Braga Henriques, A.S. Campos & R.S. Santos (2011). Condor seamount: The first outline of the benthic environment. Presented at Project Condor: final workshop (16-17 Feb 2011). Horta (Azores, Portugal).
  • Tempera, F., E. Giacomello, N.C. Mitchell, F.M. Porteiro, T. Morato, G. Menezes, R. Bettencourt, A. Braga Henriques, A.S. Campos & R.S. Santos (2011). The seafloor of the Condor Bank and its most conspicuous inhabitants: Everything in High Resolution (in Portuguese). Presented at the “Condor Bank Stakeholder Workshop”, 29 March 2011). Horta (Azores, Portugal).
  • Tempera, F., J.N. Pereira, A. Braga-Henriques, C. Pham, D. Cuvelier & J. Fontes (2011). Video Surveying Techniques for Seafloor Habitat Mapping. Presented at MeshAtlantic Video Survey Techniques Workshop, Faro (Portugal).
  • Tempera, F., J.N. Pereira, A.B. Henriques, F. Porteiro, T. Morato, V. Matos, D. Cuvelier, M. Souto, A. Colaço & R.S. Santos (2011). Deep-sea biotope diversity: Illustrated catalogue for the Azores (NE Atlantic). Presented at the “Project HERMIONE: 2nd Science Meeting”, Estepona (Spain), Geohab 2011, Helsinki (Finland); - 3rd CoralFish Science Meeting, Crete (Greece).
  • Tempera, F., J.N. Pereira, A.B. Henriques, F. Porteiro, T. Morato, V. Matos, D. Cuvelier, M. Souto, A. Colaço & R.S. Santos (2011). Deep-sea biotope diversity on the southern reaches of OSPAR Region V. Presented by webconference on the Workshop on the improvement of the definitions of habitats on the OSPAR List. Bergen (Norway).
  • Tempera, F. & P. Amorim (2012). Plunging into the Azores deep-sea biotopes. MeshAtlantic Workshop: Using EUNIS Classification for Benthic Habitat Mapping in European Seas. San Sebastian (Spain).
  • Tempera, F. (2012). Surveying techniques for seafloor habitat mapping: Bathymetry and Video (2012). MAIA Final Conference, Arcachon (France).
  • Tempera, F., J.N. Pereira, C. Yesson, A.B. Henriques, F. Porteiro, T. Morato, V. Matos, M. Souto, B. Guillaumont & R.S. Santos (2012). Coral-dominated biotope cataloguing and mapping in the Azores (NE Atlantic). 5th International Symposium on Deep-Sea Corals (ISDSC 2012). Amsterdam (The Netherlands).
  • Tempera, F., J.N. Pereira, C. Yesson, A.B. Henriques, F. Porteiro, T. Morato, V. Matos, M. Souto, B. Guillaumont & R.S. Santos (2012). Deep-Sea Biological Facies of the Azores. International workshop to identify and define deep-sea communities/assemblages. Plymouth (U.K.).
  • Tempera, F., J.N. Pereira, C. Yesson, Í. Sampaio, V. Matos, A.B. Henriques, V. Sloff, T. Bento, M. Souto, F.M. Porteiro, B. Guillaumont, T. Morato & R.S. Santos (2012). Deep-Sea Biotope Cataloguing and Mapping in the Azores. HERMIONE Final Annual Meeting. Carvoeiro (Portugal).
  • Tempera, F., P. Amorim, J.N. Pereira & F. Porteiro (2012). Mapeamento dos fundos marinhos e estudo das comunidades biológicas associadas. Workshop MeshAtlantic: O Mapeamento de Habitats e o Conhecimento do Meio Marinho, Lisbon (Portugal).
  • Tempera, F., J.N. Pereira, C. Yesson, A.B. Henriques, F.M. Porteiro, V. Matos, M. Souto, B. Guillaumont & R.S. Santos (2013). Deep-sea biotope cataloguing and mapping in the Azores (NE Atlantic). 7-9th May 2013. GeoHab 2013. Rome (Italy). http://www.geohab2013.it/images/abstract_volume.pdf
  • Tempera, F. (2013). Deep-sea biotope cataloguing and mapping in the Azores. Oceans Challenges and Opportunities. 17th May 2013. Porto (Portugal).
  • Tempera, F. (2013). Using seabed mapping for protecting fragile marine habitats. Marine Knowledge 2020: Seabed mapping for promoting sustainable fisheries. 5th June 2013. Brussels (Belgium).

Dissemination articles

  • Anonymous (2012). Enhancing coral identification skills for imagery ground-truthing. CoralFish Newsletter, 6: 8.
  • Braga-Henriques, A. (2009). À descoberta dos jardins submersos dos Açores. Jornal Fazendo, No. 11.
  • Braga-Henriques, A., M. Carreiro-Silva, F. Tempera, F.M. Porteiro, K. Jakobsen, J. Jakobsen, M. Albuquerque & R.S. Santos (2011). Carrying behaviour in the deep-sea crab Paromola cuvieri (Northeast Atlantic). HERMIONE newsletter, 6 (Winter/Spring 2011), 17.
  • Carreiro-Silva, M. (2009). As alterações climáticas e o futuro dos recifes de coral. Jornal Fazendo, No. 13.
  • CoralFish Azores team (2010). Mid-Atlantic mariners: CoralFISH cruise in the Azores. CoralFish Newsletter, 3: 2
  • Pereira, J.N., & F. Tempera (2010). Para algumas pessoas o FFF é todos os dias. Jornal Fazendo, no. 49: 7.
  • Gomes-Pereira, JN. Senhora das Tranças (A women face in the deep sea) (2012). Jornal Fazendo. July.
  • Carreira-Silva M. & UAz team (2010). Investigations and colonisation studies at the seamounts of the Azores. Hermione Newsletter, 5: 6-7.
  • Monteiro, J.G. (2009). Coral Negro no Azul dos Açores. Jornal Fazendo, No. 9.
  • Porteiro, F., & V. Matos (2009). Corais negros açorianos. Correio dos Açores. 29th March 2009
  • Tempera, F. (2008). Trabalhos do ROV Luso em montes submarinos dos Açores. Jornal Fazendo, No. 6.
  • Tempera, F., P. Ribeiro & Í. Sampaio (2009). Profundezas dos Açores revelam mais segredos. Jornal Fazendo, no. 26: 7.
  • Tempera, F., & the CONDOR consortium (2011). Condor Seamount: a CoralFISH study site in the Azores. CoralFish Newsletter, 5: 2-4
  • Tempera, F. (2012). Mid-Atlantic deep-sea habitat mapping: mining for gems in dusty archives. CoralFish Newsletter, 6: 6-7.

Digital Objects

  • Pham C.K., Morato, T., Bento T., Braga-Henriques, A., Matos V., Pereira J.N., Porteiro F., Sampaio I, Santos R.S. & F. Tempera (2012) The Impact of Fishing on cold-water coral Communities. 6th World Fisheries Congress 2012, Edinburgh 7th - 11th of May 2012
  • Tempera, F., J.N. Pereira, A. Braga Henriques, F. Porteiro, T. Morato, V. Matos, D. Cuvelier, M. Souto, A. Colaço & R.S. Santos (2011). Deep-sea biotope diversity: an illustrated catalogue for the Azores (NE Atlantic). Digital object presented at World Marine Biodiversity Congress.

Historical references

  • Gravier C (1920). Madréporaires provenant des campagnes des yachts Princesse-Alice et Hirondelle II (1893-1913). Résultats des Campagnes scientifiques du Prince Albert Ier de Monaco, 55: 1-123, planches 1-16.
  • Gravier C (1921). Antipathaires provenant des campagnes des yachts Princesse Alice et Hirondelle II. Résultats des Campagnes scientifiques du Prince Albert Ier de Monaco, 59: 1-30, planches 1-2.
  • Gravier C (1922). Hexactinidés provenant des Campagnes des yachts Hirondelle I et II et Princesse Alice I et II (1888-1913). Résultats des Campagnes scientifiques du Prince Albert Ier de Monaco, 63:1-99, planches 1-13.
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